Turning Garbage Into Trees
According to the INDC, the Philippines "intends to undertake GHG (CO2e) emissions reduction of about 70% of its BAU (Business As Usual) senario 02 2000-2030." These carbon emission reductions will be taken from the enery, transport, waste, forestry, and industry sectors - the country's major sources of carbon emissions after the energy sector. Notably, the agriculture sector was not included even if it is the second biggest source of emissions after the energy sector, (Pia Ranada, Rappler.com Oct. 2, 2015).
Manufacturing agricultural inputs (e.g. fertilizers, etc.) increases the amount of emissions. But this is still the number one important commodity for the country to answer food security. However, rich organic deposits found in dumpsites and landfills are potential alternatives. Aside from reducing carbon emissions, utilizing these abundant mineral resource could also help accelarate climate change adaptation measures.
"Turning Garbage into Trees" finds solution deploying at scale and speed massive seedling production required to accomplish urgent agricultural rehabilitation to the devastation effects of climate change as experienced in typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan). Turning Garbage into Trees aim to raise 3 million coffee and cacao 'quality' seedlings every year for the next 5 years. 150 community school nurseries will be established as selected pilot sites in severely pest infected localities, in typhoon Yolanda affected areas and key biodiversity locations of the province. Implementation will also determine local cooperation and competencies of concerned personnel in addressing genuine collaboration in implementing CCA and resilience apacity building in DRR local initiatives.
The Philippines is one of the larest producer and exporter of coconut and abaca products in the world. Over 23 million people are dependent on this industry for livelihood. Comprised of smallholder farmers, they are among the least resilient to economic stresses and environmental shocks. Eastern Visayas where Southern Leyte belongs, is among the country's no. 2 producing provinces in the region, including the whole of Leyte, Biliran and Samar Islands, (Inquirer.net, Nov. 23, 2012).
Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) has affected about 16 million people, 4 million people have been displaced and the coconut sector suffers the most devastation. 33 million coconut trees were damaged or desroyed across 295,191 hectares of land and more than 1 million farming households directly affected, (Oxfam Joint Agency Briefing Note, Feb. 12, 2014). Rural farming communities are the most susceptible to natural disasters. Pest infestations and disease outbreaks from brontispa and bunchy tops is a constant threat destroying investments and obstruct development making Eastern Visayas and the whole country one of the most vulnerable in Southeast Asia.
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